|Cumulative prevalence of risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases in Iranian adolescents|
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Roya Kelishadi, Gholamhossein Sadri, Ali Akbar Tavasoli, Manijeh Kahbazi, Hamid Reza Roohafza, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Alireza Khosravi, Babak Sabet, Ahmad Amani, Rezvan Ansari, Hassan Alikhassy
To evaluate the cumulative prevalence of atheroscleroticcardiovascular disease risk factors in a representative sample of Iranian adolescents.
The subjects of this cross-sectional study were 1,000 girls and 1,000 boys, ages 11-18 years, selected by multi stagerandom
cluster sampling from urban and rural areas of three cities in Iran.
The prevalence of physical inactivity, dyslipidemia, smoking, high blood pressure and obesity (body mass index >95th
percentile) were 66.6, 23.7, 8.7, 5.7 and 2.2%, respectively. Of subjects studied, 79.1% had at least one and 24.6% had two
cardiovascular disease risk factors. The prevalence of physical inactivity was significantly lower in boys than girls [53.9 vs. 79.3%, respgctively, OR 95%CI, 0.44 (0.39-0.51)]. The prevalence of smoking was higher in boys than girls [13.1 vs. 4.2%, respectively, OR 95%CI, 3.4 (2.4-4.9)].
Considering the high prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in adolescents, age-appropriate and culturally
sensitive interventions for lifestyle change are warranted, so that preventive measures can be taken in a timely manner.